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Note: This document is for an older version of GRASS GIS that will be discontinued soon. You should upgrade, and read the current manual page.


v.lidar.growing - Building contour determination and Region Growing algorithm for determining the building inside


vector, LIDAR


v.lidar.growing --help
v.lidar.growing input=name output=name first=name [tj=float] [td=float] [--overwrite] [--help] [--verbose] [--quiet] [--ui]


Allow output files to overwrite existing files
Print usage summary
Verbose module output
Quiet module output
Force launching GUI dialog


input=name [required]
Name of input vector map
Input vector (v.lidar.edgedetection output)
output=name [required]
Name for output vector map
first=name [required]
Name of the first pulse vector map
Threshold for cell object frequency in region growing
Default: 0.2
Threshold for double pulse in region growing
Default: 0.6

Table of contents


v.lidar.growing is the second of three steps to filter LiDAR data. The filter aims to recognize and extract attached and detached object (such as buildings, bridges, power lines, trees, etc.) in order to create a Digital Terrain Model.

The modules identifies which is the internal area of every object on a LiDAR point surface. The classification categories from v.lidar.edgedetection are now rasterized. For each cell, it is evaluated if it (the cell) contains a point with double impulse (difference between the first and last pulse greater than a given threshold). Starting from cells classified as OBJECT and with only one pulse all linked cells are selected and a convex hull algorithm is applied to them. Simultaneously, the mean of the corresponding heights (mean edge height) are computed. Points inside the convex hull are classified as OBJECT if their height is greater than or equal to the previously mean computed edge height. This last step is done only in case of high planimetric resolution.


The input data should be the output result of the v.lidar.edgedetection, module. Otherwise, it goes to error! The output of this module will be the input of v.lidar.correction module. The output will be a vector map which points are pre-classified as:

TERRAIN SINGLE PULSE (cat = 1, layer = 2)
TERRAIN DOUBLE PULSE (cat = 2, layer = 2)
OBJECT SINGLE PULSE (cat = 3, layer = 2)
OBJECT DOUBLE PULSE (cat = 4, layer = 2)

The final result of the whole procedure (v.lidar.edgedetection, v.lidar.growing, v.lidar.correction) will be a point classification in the same categories as above.


Basic region growing procedure

v.lidar.growing input=edge output=growing first=firstpulse


v.lidar.edgedetection, v.lidar.correction,,,,


Original version of program in GRASS 5.4:
Maria Antonia Brovelli, Massimiliano Cannata, Ulisse Longoni and Mirko Reguzzoni

Update for GRASS 6.X:
Roberto Antolin and Gonzalo Moreno


Antolin, R. et al., 2006. Digital terrain models determination by LiDAR technology: Po basin experimentation. Bolletino di Geodesia e Scienze Affini, anno LXV, n. 2, pp. 69-89.

Brovelli M. A., Cannata M., Longoni U.M., 2004. LIDAR Data Filtering and DTM Interpolation Within GRASS, Transactions in GIS, April 2004, vol. 8, iss. 2, pp. 155-174(20), Blackwell Publishing Ltd.

Brovelli M. A., Cannata M., 2004. Digital Terrain model reconstruction in urban areas from airborne laser scanning data: the method and an example for Pavia (Northern Italy). Computers and Geosciences 30 (2004) pp.325-331

Brovelli M. A. and Longoni U.M., 2003. Software per il filtraggio di dati LIDAR, Rivista dell?Agenzia del Territorio, n. 3-2003, pp. 11-22 (ISSN 1593-2192).

Brovelli M. A., Cannata M. and Longoni U.M., 2002. DTM LIDAR in area urbana, Bollettino SIFET N.2, pp. 7-26.

Performances of the filter can be seen in the ISPRS WG III/3 Comparison of Filters report by Sithole, G. and Vosselman, G., 2003.


Available at: v.lidar.growing source code (history)

Latest change: Monday Nov 18 20:15:32 2019 in commit: 1a1d107e4f6e1b846f9841c2c6fabf015c5f720d

Note: This document is for an older version of GRASS GIS that will be discontinued soon. You should upgrade, and read the current manual page.

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